(And, since we are in a "liquidity trap," there is no opportunity cost, at least where government is concerned. One dollar of wealth creation is a dollar of spending, and so goes the circle.)
Furthermore, because he holds that an economy is basically a circular mechanism, he really cannot see beyond the number of employees a company might have employed in this country to see the value of what a firm produces. In his latest column, Krugman makes the point that Apple does not create many jobs, which is very, very short-sighted. He writes:
A big report in The Times last Sunday laid out the facts. Although Apple is now America’s biggest U.S. corporation as measured by market value, it employs only 43,000 people in the United States, a tenth as many as General Motors employed when it was the largest American firm.In other words, in Krugman's view, Apple has no usefulness as a firm beyond how many people it employs. Its economic contribution stops at that point.
Firms do not exist to employ people; people are employed in the process of creating goods that are useful to others, and if one were to gain a sense of the real economic contribution of Apple, it would be safe to say that the company has created hundreds of billions of dollars of wealth, and Apple products and the technologies they have spun off have impacted the lives of billions of people. That's right, billions.
As for the point about "clusters," Krugman is correct at that point. Unfortunately, he shows his Keynesian colors here:
The point is that successful companies — or, at any rate, companies that make a large contribution to a nation’s economy — don’t exist in isolation. Prosperity depends on the synergy between companies, on the cluster, not the individual entrepreneur.In other words, entrepreneurs don't matter in the Krugman view of an economy. Of course, he forgets that one of this country's most important places of synergy, Silicon Valley, came about because of the vision of a few entrepreneurs who turned their ideas into the creation of huge amounts of wealth. Furthermore, he seems to forget that most of the great entrepreneurs of recent times have been...Democrats. From Steven Jobs to Bill Gates to Michael Milken to the founders of Google, liberal Democrats have made a huge economic impact because they had great ideas and how to put them together to create new products.
ut the current Republican worldview has no room for such considerations. From the G.O.P.’s perspective, it’s all about the heroic entrepreneur, the John Galt, I mean Steve Jobs-type “job creator” who showers benefits on the rest of us and who must, of course, be rewarded with tax rates lower than those paid by many middle-class workers.
So, what is Krugman's idea of a Really Big Economic Success? The auto industry bailout. He writes:
...this vision helps explain why Republicans were so furiously opposed to the single most successful policy initiative of recent years: the auto industry bailout.First, Krugman assumes that there are no other auto producers in this country, and I am sure that many of the assets of Chrysler and GM would have been put to good use. Second, Krugman forgets that the bailout did not occur in order to save "clusters," but rather to force taxpayers to pony up to save the United Auto Workers.
The case for this bailout — which Mr. Daniels has denounced as “crony capitalism” — rested crucially on the notion that the survival of any one firm in the industry depended on the survival of the broader industry “ecology” created by the cluster of producers and suppliers in America’s industrial heartland. If G.M. and Chrysler had been allowed to go under, they would probably have taken much of the supply chain with them — and Ford would have gone the same way.
Fortunately, the Obama administration didn’t let that happen, and the unemployment rate in Michigan, which hit 14.1 percent as the bailout was going into effect, is now down to a still-terrible-but-much-better 9.3 percent. And the details aside, much of Mr. Obama’s State of the Union address can be read as an attempt to apply the lessons of that success more broadly.
The reason that GM and Chrysler were bankrupt was that they were producing goods that consumers were not willing to purchase, and neither company was willing to do what was necessary to turn around the situation. Yes, they had intransigent unions and delusional managers, but that did not mean that the rest of us should have been forced to cover for them. Chrysler and GM were destroying wealth, not creating it, and by rewarding their actions, the Obama administration sent a strong message that the only thing that matters in this economy is a political connection.
Krugman has no idea how markets work and he certainly does not understand a price system. (Sorry, aggregate supply and aggregate demand models have nothing to do with price systems or even economics.) Once again, we see that he really does not know what wealth creation means and cannot differentiate between a job that creates wealth and a job that destroys it.