Thus, the NYT today has demanded that the state of New York raise its minimum wage to $8.50, a measure the paper says should "not be controversial." Why? Because when it comes to minimum wage, according to the paper, opportunity cost does not exist. The editorial declares:
Gov. Andrew Cuomo supports an increase, as does Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Only Republican state senators are resisting, using the same stale argument that a minimum wage increase is bad for business. The Senate Republican leader, Dean Skelos, argues that the measure “could be a job killer rather than a job promoter.” That contention has been proved wrong time and again.I guess that the editors of the NYT think so highly of themselves that they don't have to adhere to the rules of logic; the use of logical fallacies is perfectly acceptable when the fallacies are employed to promote something the editors (and Paul Krugman) support. So, let us take a look at what is being said.
There is plenty of evidence showing than an increase can actually help the economy, because people with lower incomes spend a larger share of their paycheck immediately on clothes, food and other goods and services. That money often goes right back into the local economy.
The first is the fallacy of Appeal to Authority. Hey, Mayor Bloomberg and Gov. Cuomo support this, so it has to be good! Now, unless these two men are omniscient and never wrong about anything, it is irrelevant to whether or not they support the measure, and since neither makes minimum wage, neither person has to worry about being priced out of the market.
The second argument -- that Republicans oppose it, so it must be bad -- is another version of the Appeal to Authority. Democrats support it (conversely), so it must be good. Again, this is fallacious reasoning, although I realize that the NYT editors believe that they are incapable of such foolishness. (Yes, this is an ad hominem, and I mean every word of it.)
Republicans, according to the NYT, are using a "stale argument that a minimum wage increase is bad for business." Actually, not. They are saying that raising the minimum wage will jack up the price of unskilled labor, and that at the margin, some workers will lose their jobs. This is not a "bad for business" argument, but rather a "bad for some workers" statement. Nonetheless, why is this argument "stale"? Is mentioning the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics "stale," or referring to the Law of Gravity? Of course not, but then why is the Law of Opportunity Cost a "stale" argument? Because the NYT says it is.
It gets even better. In the next paragraph, the editors commit the Fallacy of Composition when they declare that raising the minimum wage will raise the income of workers, who then will spend it and make all of us better off. Sorry, but it does not work that way, for the NYT editors (like Paul Krugman) are mistaking a marginal increase in pay for some workers (who don't lose their jobs) as a total increase in pay for all workers currently making minimum wage.
In other words, government by fiat can raise the total real income of all workers just by ordering it to be so. If that is the case -- and one can draw only that conclusion from the editorial -- then why stop at $8.50 an hour? Why not $85 an hour or even $850? If government can make small increases in total income by fiat, then why not large increases?
Now, if the editors wish to say that an increase to $8.50 would not cause economic harm but that an increase to $85 would, what would be the source of their explanation? If the Law of Opportunity Cost is off the table -- and that generally is the case on the NYT editorial page -- then what would substitute?
But what is an editorial from the NYT without piling on more economic fallacies? In the last paragraph we read:
Mr. (Sheldon) Silver (NY Speaker of the House) said he also plans to expand tax reductions for married couples earning less than $30,000 a year as another way to give incomes a boost. But he is starting with a minimum wage increase because, as he puts it, “People who work full time should not be poor.” That makes good sense for working families and their communities.What is the definition of poor? Furthermore, is Silver saying that work causes poverty? Would a lot of these people be better off not working at all?
One would like to see all occupations being productive enough to where anyone who worked could live comfortably off that pay, but that never has been the case in all of human history, and I doubt seriously that the State of New York by fiat can change economic history, at least for the better. Again, we see the fantasy world that exists at the NYT. It really is the perfect home for Paul Krugman.